This Alert provides information on selected provisions in the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 (HEOA), which includes a set of amendments to the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA). The HEOA includes both new disclosure requirements and revisions to the institutional disclosures that were previously required. Most of these requirements, new and revised, became effective August 2008, when the HEOA was signed into law. These institutional disclosure requirements are in addition to the reporting requirements arising from the HEOA mandate for the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to publish new information on the government’s College Navigator website.
Institutional HEA disclosure requirements refer to information that institutions must make available to one or more groups: the general public, current students, prospective students, current employees, prospective employees, and prospective student athletes and their parents, guidance counselors, and coaches. Institutional HEA reporting requirements typically refer to information that the institution must send to the Department of Education, such as data collected in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) surveys.
This Alert is a reminder to institutions about new requirements for disclosures that institutions must implement on their own. This information should be shared with Registrars, financial aid offices, admissions offices, athletic offices, schools of education, and others who may be responsible for collecting or posting such information. Recent AIR Alerts have described changes in IPEDS reporting requirements arising from the HEOA. (For changes implemented in the 2008-09 IPEDS and additional changes proposed for the 2009-10 IPEDS, see AIR Alert #36 and AIR Alert #37.)
Implications for InstitutionsEdit
With all the focus on new IPEDS reporting requirements, the new and revised disclosure requirements for institutions may not have received sufficient attention. Institutions will want to do the following:
- ensure that the list of disclosures that the institution is required to distribute to all enrolled students (including any web site with this information) is complete, up-to-date and contains clear and accurate guidance on how to access the information, including current URLs (see 34 CFR Sec. 668.41(c))
- ensure that the employee(s) who have been designated to assist enrolled or prospective students in obtaining information (see 34 CFR Sec. 668.44) know where the information is located and that all offices that provide the information know who such employee(s) are
- ensure that all of the required disclosures are provided, including those that are distributed to students or others and those that are made available on web pages
- remind offices that maintain disclosure web pages that those web pages must be kept up to date and not removed, and that they should notify the employee(s) who are designated to assist enrolled or prospective students in obtaining the information about any changes, especially to URLs
- watch for announcements that provide guidance on implementing new disclosure requirements. A forthcoming report developed by the National Postsecondary Education Cooperative will provide a list of disclosure and reporting requirements from the HEOA along with examples of ways to make the information accessible.
Prior to enactment of the HEOA, Section 485 of the HEA included requirements for institutions to disclose information about financial aid, price of attendance, refund policies, academic program, facilities and services for handicapped students, campus security, graduation rates, intercollegiate athletic programs, the names of accrediting, approval, or licensing agencies, satisfactory academic progress standards, student loan cancellation and repayment deferrals, and study abroad enrollment. These requirements are still in effect, although there are revisions to disclosures about financial aid programs, campus security, graduation rates, and the academic program.
Two requirements pertain to disclosures required under Sec. 485 of the HEA:
- List - Institutions must annually provide to all enrolled students a list of the disclosures required under Sec. 485 of the HEA plus the information required under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA), including instructions for obtaining the information.
- Assistance - The list must include contact information for the institution’s employee/s who are designated to assist current or prospective students in obtaining information that must be disclosed under Sec. 485 of the HEA.
The disclosure provisions became effective upon enactment of the HEOA on August 14, 2008 (exceptions are noted below). The Department of Education will issue new regulations for some of the provisions following the negotiated rulemaking process. Where there is ambiguity about how to produce certain data (e.g., outcomes measures) institutions will need to make “good faith” efforts to comply until guidance is issued. See the Department of Education letter for more information.
The current regulations are available at this link.
- I. The HEOA disclosure provisions of particular relevance to institutional researchers include the following
- New disclosure requirement relating to net price of attendance:
- New disclosure requirements relating to outcomes measures (HEOA, Title IV, Sec. 488(a)):
- Employment – information on the placement in employment of, and types of employment obtained by, graduates of the institution's degree or certificate programs
- Graduate education – information on the types of graduate and professional education in which graduates of the institution's four-year degree programs enrolled
- Additional disclosure requirements relating to graduation and retention rates and a modification to the graduation rate calculation methodology (HEOA Sec. 488(a)):
- Retention rate of certificate- or degree-seeking, first-time, full-time undergraduates entering the institution. (Institutions currently report these data in IPEDS, but the institutional disclosure requirement is new).
- Graduation rates disaggregated by gender, race/ethnicity, and financial aid status (in addition to the overall graduation rate required prior to the enactment of the HEOA). (Note: this requirement applies to the graduation rate data disclosed both for the entire cohort of first-time, full-time certificate- or degree-seeking students, and for student athletes.)
- Financial aid status categories:
- Federal Pell Grant recipients
- Recipients of subsidized federal loans who did not receive Pell Grants
- Students who did not receive either a Pell Grant or a federal subsidized loan
- Financial aid status categories:
- These data are to be disclosed only if the number of students in each subgroup is large enough to yield statistically reliable information and if disclosure will not reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student. Two-year institutions are not required to report these data until 2011-2012.
- The HEOA also modified the graduation rate provisions (HEOA, Title IV, Sec. 488(a) and Sec. 488(d)). All institutions will continue to be allowed to exclude from graduation rate calculations those students who leave school to serve in the Armed Forces, on official church missions, or with a recognized Federal foreign aid service. An additional option will be available for institutions for which such students represent twenty percent or more of the certificate- or degree-seeking, full-time undergraduates at the institution. Those institutions may include the students who leave for such service, but in their graduation rate calculations exclude the time the students were not enrolled due to their service. (Note: this requirement applies to the graduation rate data disclosed both for the entire cohort of first-time, full-time certificate- or degree-seeking students and for student athletes)
- II. Other new or revised requirements for institutional disclosures include
August 14, 2008 – H.R. 4137, The Higher Education Opportunity Act, signed into law (P.L. 110-315)
August 14, 2008 – Effective date for most new disclosure requirements
August 2009 – Deadline for NCES to publish template for institutional net price calculator
November 2009 – Deadline for Department of Education to publish new final regulations that will be effective July 1, 2010. See “tentative list” of topics for negotiated rulemaking for Team V (General and Non-Loan Programmatic Issues) in the Department of Education Notice at this link.
August 2011 – Deadline for each institution to post net price calculator on its website
Implementation of Title II, HEA Requirements (Teacher Preparation Programs)Edit
Previous Related AIR Alerts/FYIsEdit
The Higher Education Data Policy Committee (HEDPC) is one of seven standing committees of the Association. Members of HEDPC represent different types of institutions and settings from across higher education and are appointed by the AIR Board of Directors for three year terms. The chair is elected by the AIR membership. HEDPC serves the AIR membership by monitoring important issues related to the collection or use of higher education data and providing information about these issues through AIR ALERTS.
Coordinated by the Higher Education Data Policy Committee. All opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the official position of the Association for Institutional Research.